RCH 1923 Open Wagons RTR

Private Owner and Railway Company Liveries.
Following the railways 'grouping' forming the many British railway companies into four large regional companies the Railways Clearing House issued a through overhaul of the wagon specifications. The 1923 mineral wagon was longer than the earlier designs at 16ft6in. and oil lubricated axleboxes were required. Several thousands of wagons to this design were built by the LMS and LNER as their standard mineral wagon types along with many more for private owners and, with many wagons 1923 specifications wagons still less than 25 years old at nationalisation, these ran into the late 1950s with British Railways.

Model of a peak roof covered lime van finished in the red livery of ICI, Imperial Chemical Industries, running number L24 with weathered finish.
This detailed model replicates a wagon built to the 1887 RCH standard with wood underframe and grease lubricated axleboxes based on wagons constructed by the Gloucester RCW Company.
£42.50
MRP £49.95
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(Product Ref 99898)
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£39.99
MRP £146.95
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(Product Ref 110452)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-071-003 O Gauge Dean Forest Coal Company 7 Plank Open Wagon
A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in the livery of the Dean Forest Coal Company as wagon number 549. as used in the Forest of Dean
£39.90
MRP £46.95
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Bristol: 1, Cardiff: 1, Gloucester: 1
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(Product Ref 57301)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-071-003 O Gauge Dean Forest Coal Company 7 Plank Open Wagon

A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in the livery of the Dean Forest Coal Company as wagon number 544 as used in the Forest of Dean
£39.90
MRP £46.95
Warehouse: 3
Bristol: 1, Cardiff: 1, Gloucester: 1, Stroud: 1
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(Product Ref 3540)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-071-005 O Gauge WM. Cory 7 Plank Open Wagon

A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in the livery of William Cory and Son.

Well-known London-based coal merchants and factors William Cory & Son was formed in 1896, combining the coal factor, merchant and lightering interests of several existing businesses. A number of businesses were purchased through the later 1890s, making Cory's one of the largest of Britain's coal distribution companies using both rail and coastal shipping. The company name continues in use today, however the Wm. Cory company of the coal era was merged with the Ocean group in 1972.
£39.90
MRP £46.95
Warehouse: 2
Bristol: 1
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(Product Ref 22187)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-073-001 O Gauge Hale 7 Plank Open Wagon number 1533 with Coke Rails

A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in as a wagon fitted with coke rails and operated by Hales.
£39.90
MRP £46.95
Warehouse: 1
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(Product Ref 88407)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-071-002 O Gauge Welsh Anthracite 7 Plank Open Wagon

A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in the livery of the Welsh Anthracite group of collieries.
£39.90
MRP £46.95

Bristol: 1
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(Product Ref 51775)
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£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 55462)
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£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 24514)
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Dapol O Gauge 7F-051-035 LMS 5 Plank Open Wagon

5 plank open wagons were the most common general goods wagon and were standardised by the RCH in 1923. They had a capacity of 10 tons; many were privately owned and carried on in use post nationalisation.

£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 99434)
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£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 43358)
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£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 68244)
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This model of a 7-plank end door type open wagon is painted in the GWR goods wagon grey livery.
The number starting with a 0 indicates a wagon most likely on hire to fill an urgent requirement for more wagons. Photographs in the Gloucester RCW archives show similar wood underframe wagons lettered for the GWR and having a large fleet available for hire Gloucester could often supply wagons from stock very quickly.
Features sprung buffers, 3-link couplings, metal wheels, opening side doors.

£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 80074)
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£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 110450)
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Dapol O Llay Main 8 Plank Open Wagon 954 RTR 7F-080-020
Dapol O gauge 7F-080-020 8 plank open wagon Llay Main 954
A detailed model of an 8 plank open coal wagon in the livery of the Llay Main Colliery.
Dapol are producing two wagons, 952 and 954, from the large fleet operated by the Llay Main Colliery, adding to the previously released wagon 950, allowing a small block of wagons to be built without duplicating numbers.
A weathered version is also being produced, 7F-080-020W at the same price. The weathered agons can be obtained on request.
Photo of wagon 950 Shown.
£38.50
MRP £45.74

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(Product Ref 99899)
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Dapol O SR 8 Plank Open Wagon RTR 7F-080-007
Model of a 8-plank fixed end open wagon painted in Southern Railway livery.
The Dapol O gauge model of the 8 plank open wagon  features:
Finely moulded body and chassis with internal detail represented
Opening side doors
Finely applied livery and printed details
Profiled wheels and axels with brass bearing pockets
Metal sprung buffers
3 link metal coupling chain with sprung coupling hook
£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 93905)
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This model of a 8-plank fixed end open wagon will be finished in British Railways goods grey livery. 
Features sprung buffers, 3-link couplings, metal wheels, opening side doors.
£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 77163)
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This model of a 8-plank fixed end open wagon will be finished in British Railways goods grey livery. 
Features sprung buffers, 3-link couplings, metal wheels, opening side doors. Model with weathered finish.
£39.99
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 104906)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-073-002 O Gauge Hale 7 Plank Open Wagon number 1718 with Coke Rails

A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in as a wagon fitted with coke rails and operated by Hales
£39.90
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 88409)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-073-003 O Gauge Cransley Coke 7 Plank Open Wagon with coke rails.

A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished as a wagon operated by the Cransley Coke company and fitted with coke extension rails to increase the volume which of the lower-density coke which could be carried.
£39.90
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 91511)
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A detailed ready to run O gauge 8 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in the familiar livery of the Suncole smokeless fuels company with sunbeams logo over the side door.
£39.90
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 93502)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-080-001 O Gauge 8 Plank Open Wagon Norstand

A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in the livery of Grimsby dock coal supplier Norstand.
£39.90
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 92256)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-080-002 O Gauge Maltby Colliery Company 8 Plank Open Wagon

A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in the brick red livery of the Maltby colliery company.
£39.90
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 92271)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-080-003 O Gauge 8 Plank Coke Wagon Modern Transport
Delivery Spring 2018


A detailed ready to run O gauge 7 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in the livery of Modern Transport and fitted with coke rails.
£39.90
MRP £46.95

Must be ordered - delivery as soon as possible.
(Product Ref 66209)
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Dapol Lionheart Trains LHT-F-080-004 O Gauge 8 Plank Open Wagon E Foster & Co.
Delivery Spring 2018


A detailed ready to run O gauge 8 plank open wagon model from Lionheart Trains tooling finished in the grey livery of London coal merchants E Foster & company.
£39.90
MRP £46.95

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(Product Ref 94840)
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1923 marked a major change to the organisation of Britains railways. By an Act of Parliamanet, The Railways Act of 1921, four large regional railway companies were formed by the 'grouping' of the many small local railways into larger networks. The intent was to move away from local competition between railway companies and reduce duplication of lines and services in order to make the railways better able to compete with the road carriers which had been established using 'war surplus' lorries. Full nationalisation had been considered, but Sir Eric Geddes, a highly experienced railway manager and former Deputy General Manager of the North Eastern Railway, then serving as Minister of Transport foresaw problems with government control, particularly with politcial inteference and the potential that the loss of market pressure would lead to poor or lax management control.

In terms of wagons the year also marked the major overhaul of the design ands construction rules for railway wagons, as issued by the Railways Clearing House.

 

 

In 1923 a major update to the RCH wagon specifications was published. This covered all types of wagons and generally represented an updating of the rules to incorporate new techniques and push wagon builders and owners to steadily improve their wagon fleets. The 1923 specification was to be the last major revision issued, however many revisions were made through the 1930s as new wagon designs and construction methods (eg. welding) emerged.

The preceding 1907/1909 design which had started along the path to all builders using major components of standardised or compatible design and fitting, so a broken component could more easily be replaced with an equivalent part from another builder. This greatly simplified 'on the road' repairs so wagons spent less time awaiting parts and more time earning revenue for their owners. The 1907 design also required continuous or through drawgear, a system whereby the drawbar behind each hook was extended into the central box of the underframe, so pulling forces were transmitted through the iron or steel drawbars instead of being transferred to the wood frames of the wagons. The design of many of the components was also started along the route to standardisation in design and fitting, allowing wagons to be repaired from a smaller range of RCH fittings in place of parts to the original builder's unique design.

The new 1923 wagon continued along this route with the majority of components now becoming interchangeable 'RCH standard' parts. The through drawgear was toughened up, with two steel rods running the length of each wagon between the coupling hook base plates in addition to the extended drawbars.
The new mineral wagon designs were larger than previously with the smallest 8 ton type of the 1907 specifications was eliminated from the standard lists (though still allowed in the 'small print') and more variants were made available, including a taller 8 plank body design and larger 16 and 20 ton capacity wagons, some proving more successful than others!
The basic wagon length was increased to 16ft6in over headstocks, verses the 15ft length of the 1907 design. Widths remained almost the same as these were governed by clearances of mechanical handling plant already installed to suit the earlier standards. Width over headstocks was a nominal 7ft11in (these could be tapered at the ends) with a maximum overall width of 8ft6in, however wagons to 'Bristol Channel Ports' (mostly the South Wales coal shipping ports) were restricted to a maximum width of 8ft3in. Wood or steel could be used to construct the underframes, with wood remaining popular for private owner and mineral wagons, but the more durable iron and steel underframe was to become a more frequent choice through the 1930s and with the railway companys themselves.

One major technical change implemented was the specification of oil lubricated axleboxes as standard, this being the result of successful designs of spill-proof axleboxes being commercial available,  Oil lubricated axleboxes added cost, but ran much more freely and needed much less maintenance than the grease lubricated design, but previously the oil could have been lost when wagons were emptied by tipping, resulting in damage to both bearings and axle journals.

The standard lower capacity for the 1923 wagon was now 10 tons for a 5 plank wagon and 12 tons for 7 or 8 plank height. Later many of these wagons were uprated to 13 tons load capacity. In addtion to prvate owner wagons the proven RCH designs were adopted by several of the new, large railway companies for their mineral wagon fleets.  The LMS and LNER both selected the RCH 1923 7 plank design as their standard mineral wagon, building many thousands, with the SR ordering a small number for their requirements in the much smaller Kent coal field.

Outside of the common 7 plank coal wagon design the RCH had authorised a wagon of 17ft6in length for coke traffic and this length was now made a standard for a 16 ton capacity wagon with 9ft wheelbase wood frame. This design proved less than satisfactory however, both LNER and Gloucester built wagons quickly developing hogged backs, though similar LMS built wagons did not seem to suffer this fate.

The 17ft6in underframe was widely adopted by the four railway companies after 1923 for their merchandise wagon fleets, with most companies opting for steel construction. A number of changes and developments were to be incorporated through the 1920s and 30s, including the change to 10ft wheelbase for merchandise wagons, this being better suited for running in fast goods trains.
The success of the RCH 1923 wagon design is evidenced in the longevity of its' basic design. In the 1950s British Railways selected the 17ft6in length 10ft wheelbase RCH steel underframe as the basis for their standard wagon fleet, while around 250,000 16 ton capacity steel bodied mineral wagons were built on the 16ft6in length 9ft wheelbase steel frame originating with the 1923 RCH specification.

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(Product Ref 35255)
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Dapol and Lionheart Trains have produced a range of open wagons based on the 1923 RCH specifications which increased the standard mineral wagon length to 16ft6in with a wood or steel underframe and 5, 7 or 8 plank height sides. The 17ft6in length (increased from 16ft) for merchandise wagons which was used for BR wagons of the 1950s was also introduced at this time  .
RCH 1923 mineral wagons were built for or operated by many private owners and carried many colourful liveries in addition to being used by the 'big four' railway companies for coal service. Following nationalisation the privately owned wagons were transferred to British Railways ownership. Many 1923 type wagons, still less that 25 years old and already equipped with oil lubricated axleboxes, were reconditioned for further service through the 1950s. This allowed older wagons to be withdrawn from service as the fleet of steel 16 ton mineral wagons was built up.

British Railways standard design wagons including BR steel bodied 16 ton mineral wagons are listed here (link)