The MiG-29 is a twin-engine supersonic fourth generation air superiority jet fighter developed in the Soviet Union in the 1970’s. The aircraft entered service with the Soviet Air Force in 1983 and still is in use with them as well as equipping over twenty four other countries over the years. The NATO designation for the MiG-29 is Fulcrum and it was designed to counter the American F-16 and F-18. The MiG-29 was first seen in the West in 1986. The MiG-29 (9-13) is designated the Fulcrum C.
Russia intends to upgrade first generation MiG-29 (9.12 to 9.13) to a new standard; the MiG-29 SMT (9.19). Up to 150 aircraft will have a larger fuselage spine with additional fuel tanks. The aircraft will have better HOTAS (hands on throttle-and-stick), two color LCD MFDs and two small monochrome LCDs; a new radar system; improved engines and an increased weapons capability. In 2012 Red 20 RF-92233 c/n 2960734100 was located at Lipetsk Air Base assigned to the 4th Center of Combat Application and Conversion of Frontline Aviation.